It is important to understand the types and persistency of certain crimes as it relates to your community. This is especially true if you are a home owner concerned with both home safety and home security. Knowing the types of crimes that occur and their prevalence within your state or locality can serve as a wake-up call and hopefully motivate you to install the proper home security systems or home alarm systems necessary to keep you and your family safe from crime.
Property Crimes versus Violent Crimes
Property crimes are defined as household burglary, motor vehicle theft, and property theft. These acts are typically non-violent misdemeanors in many jurisdictions in this country due to the fact that they rarely involve acts of violence against you (such as use of force) or a weapon, such as a gun or knife. Data regarding property crimes are captured on the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). Violent crimes are those that include murder, rape and sexual assault, robbery and aggravated and simple assault. Violent crimes are recorded on the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and measured for both fatal and non-fatal levels.
Burglary and robbery are often times viewed to be synonymous but they involve different types of acts. Burglary is specifically defined as unlawful entry of a fixed structure, vehicle or vessel that is used as a residence, for industry or businesses. This unlawful entry may or may not involve force, with the intent to take property – referred to as larceny. Robbery involves the unlawful taking or attempted taking of property from a person through the use of or threat of force.
Property Crime Statistics in the United States
According to the latest crime statistics provided by the U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Statistics in the NCVS, property crime in the United States declined in 2013, from a rate of 155.8 victimizations per 1,000 households in 2012 to 131.4 victimizations per 1,000 households in 2013. Also in 2013, according to the NCVS, 9 percent or 11.5 million households in the U.S. experienced one or more crime victimizations. Of the 16 million property crimes in 2013, theft was the highest at more than 12.8 million victimizations, followed by burglary at 3.3 million or a rate of 25.7 victimizations per 1,000 households. The percentage of burglaries reported to police in 2013 was 57.3 percent, which is slightly higher than the 54.8 percent reported in 2012. Overall property crimes are reported to police at a rate of 36.1 percent.
Know the numbers for your community, which may easily be obtained from local law enforcement or the FBIs UCR database. Arm yourself with the right home security systems and regain your peace of mind in knowing that you are protected and your home safety is more secure.